Balkanalysis.com

Balkanalysis on Twitter

The UNMIK Files

What are The UNMIK Files?

The UNMIK Files (see below) are a collection of 24 documents produced internally by former employees of the United Nations Mission in Kosovo between 2004 and 2006. This materiel was not meant for external release or use. To the best of our knowledge, these documents have not been released by other media. We are releasing them today (February 17, 2018)- exactly 10 year’s after Kosovo’s unilateral declaration of independence from Serbia.

The authorization of UNSCR 1244 on 10 June 1999 ended NATO’s 78-day bombing of Yugoslavia. This Resolution cleared the way for the UN to establish itself as legal administrator of Kosovo, without prejudice to its final status.

Although UNMIK retains a minor presence in Kosovo today, its role has since 2008 largely been taken over by local government with oversight from the EU mission in Kosovo, EULEX.

Why are these documents important?

The UNMIK Files provide a unique, if incomplete, glimpse into the actual working realities of the UN’s peacekeeping bureaucracy in Kosovo. The cache is thus important for two reasons.

Firstly, it illustrates how such missions operate, what kind of content they produce, how their structural analysis is conducted, and indeed reveals that such activities are the outcome of a lavishly-funded international operation. It thus raises questions regarding the necessity and relative benefit of such missions in a world that is likely to see an increase in number and geographical remit, owing to migration, war and the ‘climate change’ agenda.

Secondly, the facts related in these documents, such as specific incidents of violence and other events, will be of interest to anyone concerned with the post-war events that occurred in Kosovo through the end of the documents available (mid-2006). In many ways, the mandate and attention to goals and standards in these documents came in reaction to the March 17, 2004 riots, when 50,000 Kosovar Albanians attacked local Serbs, causing a mass exodus. This was a turning point for both Kosovo and the UNMIK mission, and these documents show a revealing picture of an international administration trying to redefine and indeed justify its presence in the light of fast-changing ground events and diplomacy.

Who would be interested in reading them?

Historians of the Balkans and other academics, including those concentrating on international peacekeeping missions in general, will have the most use for The UNMIK Files. Anyone interested in international relations, the Balkans, or the workings of the United Nations may also be interested. To be clear, the documents and information contained within them have long passed into history and thus have no active intelligence value. It is of course possible (though unlikely) that investigators of historic events such as war crimes could find unique information in these exclusive documents.

What methodology was used and how can I cite these files?

The unknown provenance of The UNMIK Files has complicated somewhat the systematic indexing of these files. We do not have the technological capacities to provide search functionality for any of the materiel.

It should be noted that the dating of these documents was in some cases difficult. We can assure readers that all of them are authentic, but in the case that a document does not have a specific date of authorship, the only way to verify its creation was through file Properties checks, which do not always indicate the original date of production. Since documents can go through different stages of revision, it is possible for any specific document to have been authored earlier than appears in the Properties tab. Thus, some of the documents may have been actually produced earlier than listed.

To rectify the discrepancies about dating, each individual citing is listed as either D (i.e., the document itself states the date of authorship); or P (the document authorship’s tentative date of creation has been provisionally assigned by the earliest date visible under the Properties tab of the file in question). Although the original documents are in primarily Word and Excel formats, all files have been converted to PDF with the help of the options on the very useful ILovePDF website.

Regarding citation methods, you can cite them however you like, though each file does come with its own code number. A link to the PDF should always be executed in order to provide primary-source access. You may wish in future publications to also refer to the files by number and title. We made no changes to any original file titles, which will help explain why they often diverge from the stated title. The point was a no-interference transmission of original data.

We should note finally that some of the available content from the original cache has not been included here, such as photos, maps and tangential documents which, while interesting, do not provide any new or unique insights.

 

THE UNMIK FILES: ALL INDIVIDUAL DOCUMENTS (24)

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES1

Title and link: Assessment, ZUBIN POTOK, June 2005 Functioning Democratic Institutions

Date: June 2, 2005 [P]

Description: A categorical assessment of issues like quality of elections in the Zubin Potok area between December 2004 and June 2005. Mentions numerous social, ethnic, political issues.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES2

Title and link: INDICATORS For Standards Goals Progress Assessment Report for Маlishevë/Mališevo Municipality April – June 2005

Date: June 6, 2005 [P]

Description: A fairly detailed internal report about progress towards standards implementation in the Маlishevë/Mališevo Municipality April – June 2005.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES3

Title and link:  INDICATORS For Standards Goals Progress Assessment Report for Rahovec/Orahovac to June 2005

Date: June 7, 2005 [P]

Description: Assessment report for developments in Rahovec/Orahovac (from an unspecified date) to June 2005, with updates on community engagement.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES4

Title and Link: KSIP Monthly Evaluation – MAY 2005

Date: June 8, 2005 [P]

Description: Official UNMIK monthly Standards Implementation report for Zubin Potok municipality. Discusses community meeting of April 2005 and threatened local non-cooperation with UNMIK over perceived failure to stop ethnic attacks against Serbian residents. Also discusses rule of law, freedom of movement and civilian returns issues.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES5

Title and Link: KOSOVO STANDARDS IMPLEMENTATION PLAN Vushtrri/Vučitrn OCA Monitoring: Municipal Level Monitoring Matrix Freedom of Movement

Date: June 7, 2005 [P]

Description: UNMIK Standards Implementation Plan Report discussing freedom of movement and language use, “post March 2004” in Vushtrri/Vučitrn municipality, with details by categories.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES6

Title and Link: OCA MATRIX – MUNICIPAL LEVEL Vushtrri/Vučitrn IV. SUSTAINABLE RETURNS AND THE RIGHTS OF COMMUNITIES AND THEIR MEMBERS

Date: June 7, 2005 [P]

Description: Lengthy UNMIK policy document on Sustainable Returns to in Vushtrri/Vučitrn municipality, with comments from locally based UNMIK staff regarding progress.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES7

Title and Link:  KOSOVO STANDARDS IMPLEMENTATION PLAN OCA Monitoring: Municipal Level Monitoring Matrix Freedom of Movement

Date: May 5, 2005 [P]

Description: UNMIK report on freedom of movement and free language use “revised post March 2004.” This categorical report appears to discuss Viti municipality and compare ideal goals with results and solicits comments from UNMIK local staff on implementation of standards.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES8

Title and Link: OCA MATRIX – MUNICIPAL LEVEL IV. SUSTAINABLE RETURNS AND THE RIGHTS OF COMMUNITIES AND THEIR MEMBERS

Date: June 7, 2005 [P]

Description: UNMIK report on Sustainable Returns and rights of communities “revised post March 2004.” This categorical report appears to discuss Viti municipality and compare ideal goals with results and solicits comments from UNMIK local staff on implementation of standards.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES9

Title and Link: KOSOVO STANDARDS IMPLEMENTATION PLAN OCA Monitoring: Municipal Level Monitoring Matrix

Date: June 2, 2005 [P]

Description: Another UNMIK categorical report soliciting field officers’ comments on events in municipality, though it is unclear which municipality is being discussed.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES10

Title and Link: KOSOVO STANDARDS IMPLEMENTATION PLAN OCA Monitoring: Municipal Level Monitoring Matrix

Date: June 7, 2005 [P]

Description: Another UNMIK categorical report soliciting field officers’ comments on events in municipality of Rahovec/Orahovec.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES11

Title and Link: Standard 8 Priorities

Date: February 18, 2005 [P]

Description: Describes the eight priority areas for the KPC (Kosovo Protection Corps) police entity, relative compliance therewith, challenges and future estimates by UNMIK staff regarding the KPC.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES12

Title and Link: KOSOVO STANDARDS IMPLEMENTATION PLAN OCA Monitoring: Municipal Level Monitoring Matrix Маlishevë/Mališevo Municipality

Date: June 6, 2005 [P]

Description: Another UNMIK categorical report soliciting field officers’ comments on events in municipality of Маlishevë/Mališevo, regarding freedom of movement and other issues.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES13

Title and Link: OCA MATRIX – MUNICIPAL LEVEL IV. SUSTAINABLE RETURNS AND THE RIGHTS OF COMMUNITIES AND THEIR MEMBERS МАLISHEVË/MALIŠEVO MUNICIPALITY

Date: June 6, 2005 [P]

Description: Another lengthy UNMIK internal Standards Assessment with notably critical feedback from staff regarding minority rights and other issues in the municipality in question.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES14

Title and Link: Freedom of Movement

Date: December 17, 2004 [P]

Description: A very interesting UNMIK document which follows the structure of previous ones and features candid staff assessments of local realities, relations with the IC, and Kosovo-wide developments. The assessments given predate many of the other files, being from December 2004.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES15

Title and Link: Indicators Assessment, June 2005: Functioning Democratic Institutions ZUBIN POTOL MUNICIPALITY

Date: June 8, 2005 [P]

Description: Lengthy internal questionnaire regarding current happenings and Standards implementation in the relevant municipality with some commentary from UNMIK staff provided.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES16

Title and Link: Inter-Ethnic Incidents CATEGORY A (Murder/Attempted Murder/Serious Crimes)

Date: January 27, 2005 [P]

Description: A detailed list of serious inter-ethnic incidents occurring between February 2, 2002 and November 13, 2003.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES17

Title and Link: Data needed from the Police/KFOR/DOJ for the Standards Process regarding ethnic crime

Date: February 2, 2005 [P]

Description: An informal internal policy memo raising questions over methodology of investigations and data storage issues (in light of an international mandate and localized elements) concerning ethnically-motivated violent crime and organized crime.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES18

Title and Link: Ethnic Violence – Cases with the Criminal Division

Date: February 2, 2005 [P]

Description: Marked “CONFIDENTIAL – for Internal UNMIK use only,” this detailed report specifies 20 open (and one closed) cases of violent crime in Kosovo between July 1999 and March 2004.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES19

Title and Link: MHQ Operations INTEROFFICE MEMORANDUM Information & Crime Analysis   REPORT ON ETHNICAL CRIMES/SITUATION

Date: October 10, 2004 [D]

Description: A very important internal document providing detailed lists of serious crimes in Kosovo, as compiled by the Information & Crime Analysis Unit of UNMIK. A map and graphs indicating victims by ethnicity are included.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES20

Title and Link: Kosovo Liberation Army Activities Map 2000

Date: April 7, 2006 [P]

Description: A very interesting map by unknown authors indicating operational areas, headquarters and rear guard of KLA activity in 2000- after UNMIK and NATO had supposedly come to disarm the group and oversee peace.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES21

Title and Link: Assessment of Standards Efforts, April 2006 – Temporary Matrix

Date: April 6, 2006 [P]

Description: Internal Standards-related document assesses Kosovo-wide events with commentary from August 2005 and notes from an UNMIK official as in the style of other documents. Content comes from Section 3.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES22

Title and Link: Assessment of Standards Efforts, April 2006 – Temporary Matrix (2)

Date: April 6, 2006 [P]

Description: Continuation of internal Standards-related document assesses Kosovo-wide events and particularly Returns issues. Content comes from Section 4.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES23

Title and Link: INTEROFFICE MEMORANDUM- Weekly Report

Date: April 6, 2006 [D]

Description: The only one of its type in this collection, the March 31-April 6 2006 Weekly Report is an example of the type of reports UNMIK officials would get on a regular basis, covering all events and trends going on in Kosovo. The text bears similarities in this respect with regular reports produced by other international organizations in the region such as the EU and NATO. Apparently, the reviewer of this specific report highlighted as important the creation of a joint UN-Serb policing unit in Gracanica municipality; this is recorded as being a trust-building mechanism. A number of other contemporaneous events are recounted, but the general value of the document is that it shows some of the structure by which information was regularly organized and consumed by the UN administration.

 

Item Number: BA/UNMIKFILES24

Title and Link: Kosovo Standards Implementation Plan

Date: September 22, 2004 [D]

Description: A general policy of UNMIK towards developing its standards at a watershed moment for the Mission, several months after the riots of March 17.

2004-2009 Back Archives